A discectomy is usually indicated when someone has a bulging, herniated, or ruptured disc that has failed conservative measures such as physical therapy. During a discectomy the part of the disc called the nucleus pulposus that has escaped the area it is supposed to be contained in, is removed. Usually a piece of the bone surrounding the area is removed as well, called a laminectomy. After the surgery, the most important this is protecting the surgery because it is actually easier to get another disc bulge, in the same area, after the surgery. In order to protect the disc bulge, you need to have great posture, avoid deep and lengthy forward bending (flexion), and use a lumbar roll while sitting. There are also some specific exercises that can help to protect the surgery, but those need to be prescribed specifically for your situation and monitored carefully.
If you are unsure whether you need a discectomy, or want another opinion on conservative care then tell us your story below and we will be happy to talk to you.